EUCLIO

Objectives

1.- To study the process of formation of a certain European identity, liberal ideology, in the central years of the twentieth century, characterized by defending a strong cultural basis, a strong commitment to freedom and a strong opposition to totalitarianisms of any sign. Liberalism was undoubtedly one of the outstanding promoters of European unification as it occurred. A conformation that will be studied both from the perspective of institutional and individual contributions.

2.- To analyze the contribution to the process of European integration of ideologies that, in principle, did not bet on this model but that influenced it, while they were influenced in their approaches and strategies for the development of European construction. Communism and the new left will be the object of preferential study.

3.- To investigate the form of transmission of the process of European integration and the very image of Europe as a whole that has been realized through a nuclear vehicle of socialization such as the school. The Spanish case is especially relevant since it is able to confront the mechanisms of transmission in very different contexts such as the Franco dictatorship and the constitutional monarchy.

4.- To approach the projection of the European identity, in particular that related to its integration process, both from an external perspective, taking as reference its impact on the Latin American integration process, and particularly in the Central American integration system (SICA) as from the internal perspective, taking as a field of analysis the cross-border territorial cooperation between Spain and Portugal, two States that had lived behind their backs, despite the rhetorical of brotherhood of contemporary dictatorial regimes, and which are again within a community framework that encourages joint projects and the emergence of a European identity compatible with national ones.

5.- To contribute to the current debate within the scientific community and in the wider community of European citizens about the need for a new narrative of the process of European integration that allows us to understand the role of the EU in the globalized world and each of its integral parts. In this sense, the account of the euro, with its enormous symbolic charge, becomes of crucial importance as essential signs of European identity, such as democracy and solidarity. This new European narrative can also serve for a serene and inclusive debate on the Spanish national story in times of confusion and uncertainties.

6.- To propose, from history, a definition of the concept of Europeanization that combines the importance of the whole and the parts, that is, that takes into account the impact in all areas of civic life and the institutional life of public policies emanating from Brussels, without ignoring the impact on the community institutions of the necessary coexistence of very diverse political cultures that are the ancillary element of freedom, the identity mark par excellence of the European project.